- Set up the Great Terror
o Killed Millions in Labour camps which were located in the extreme northern regions of Siberia near the Artic Circle.
o Penal Labour Camps
§ Most of the people executed were workers, peasants, homemakers, teachers, priests, musicians, soldiers, pensioners, ballerinas, beggars, and also most Americans.
§ Also others died from diseases and malnutrition.
- Collectivization meant that their was a drastic drop in the living Standard for many peasants.
- Soviet Famine of 1932-1933
o This was due to the initial upheaval in the changing agricultural sector which disrupted food production in the early1930’s.